Originating in the Hindu Kush mountain range that spans through Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan, Cannabis Indica was discovered by French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785. The cannabis indica samples Lamarck was given exhibited different characteristics than the previously discovered Cannabis Sativa species.
What is Cannabis Indica?
Compared with cannabis sativa strains, indica strains had firmer stems, thinner bark, and broad and wide leaves. Indica plants are shorter than sativa, reaching anywhere from three to four feet high. Indica leaves are a dark forest green color due to their high chlorophyll concentration. Indica plants can withstand cold temperatures and have relatively short flowering times.
Indica strains are typically pungent featuring skunky and earthy smells. These scents come from the aromatic terpene molecules found in tiny, resinous trichome hairs in cannabis flower. While most indica and sativa strains are bred for high concentrations of the psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) chemical compound, their differentiator is their terpene profile, which is responsible for a strain’s unique scent and effects.
What are the Effects of Indica?
Indica strains are well-known for their highly sedative and relaxing effects. Generally, indica strains produce an intoxicating body buzz that can leave users feeling sleepy. The chemical profile of indica strains has shown to be effective in relieving muscle tension, decreasing nausea, stimulating appetite, and increasing dopamine to improve mood.
The high resin production and concentration of THC in indica strains can produce double-edged effects. High doses for inexperienced cannabis users can lead to anxiety and paranoia, as well as dry mouth, dry eyes, and fatigue. In moderate doses, however, indica strains have provided users with stress relief, especially right before bed.
Medicinal Effects of Indica Strains
Indica’s potent and long-lasting effects are used extensively for medical applications. Although indica strains vary in effects, their high concentration of the psychoactive THC chemical compound can provide strong relief for pain, inflammation, anxiety, seizures, nausea, appetite problems, and insomnia. Indica strains have also proven effective to relieve headaches and migraines.
What are Indica-Dominant Strains?
Hybrid strains combine genetics of cannabis indica and cannabis sativa strains to produce distinctive effects, smells, and flavors. Every indica-dominant strain provides a varied experience ranging from a cerebral and energetic high to a drowsy, couch-lock feeling. The best way to determine the effects of an indica or indica-dominant strain is to experiment and keep notes on the effects of every strain.
With new indica strains being created constantly, it can take a few strains until consumers find the right indica strain for them. Indica strains provide an intense body high and heightened sensory perception with moderate variations in effects among each strain. Commonly, however, indica is prized for its supremely relaxing effects.